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The Egyptian Israeli peace process during 1977-1979 was a shock to the jihadist movement in Egypt, that had been under repression ever since Nasser’s political rule. Encouraged by the success of the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Egyptian jihadists - inspired by the ideologue Muhammad Abd Al-Salam Faraj and advised by colonel Al-Zumar (an intelligence officer) - decided to assassinate the president Anwar Al-Sadat during the military parade dedicated to the celebration of the Yom Kippur War. The attempt was to be accompanied by a popular revolt. Even though the revolutionary project failed, the assassination of Sadat had a major impact on the history of the Middle East: the Arab-Israeli peace process would stop, and the jihadists involved in the conspiracy would leave for Afghanistan and to the USA, becoming the decisive factor behind the birth of Al-Qaeda and the plan to strike down the New York twin towers.
16/12/2019 Free Readings Region: Middle East Topic: Terrorism
Amb. Prof. Dumitru CHICAN
In 1929, five years after the fall of the Ottoman Empire and of the centuries old institution of Islamic Caliphate, caused by the blows of the winning empires from the 1st World War and by the reformism of the “father of modern Turkey” Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, in Ismailia, Egypt, a theologian and imam, Hassan Al-Banna, founded the Muslim Brotherhood. The movement was meant to be an Islamic organization intended to stand against the British imperial rule over Egypt.
03/12/2019 Free Readings Region: Middle East Topic: Terrorism
Amb. Prof. Dumitru CHICAN
”Something very big has just happened.” This was the phrase that president Trump posted on Twitter on the night between the 26th and 27th of October. He didn’t provide any details but promised that the next day would make a clarifying statement.
26/11/2019 Free Readings Region: Middle East Topic: Terrorism
Amb. Prof. Dumitru CHICAN
It will soon be two years since 9 December 2017 when Iraq’s former Prime Minister, Haidar Al-Abadi, triumphantly and solemnly announced the liberation of his country’s entire territory from the presence of the terrorist-jihadist organization, “The Islamic State” (DA‘ISH in Arabic) and consequently the end of the war against the terrorist-jihadist phenomenon in the land situated between the Tigris and the Euphrates.
14/10/2019 Free Readings Region: Middle East Topic: Terrorism