During the First World War, the Ottomans clearly made a fatal error by choosing an alliance with Germany. Could that error have been avoided if proper use had been made of the information available in 1914? First, we examine the military leadership, manpower, infrastructure, equipment, and naval capabilities of the Ottomans at the moment of decision. Next, is a review of the army’s actual performance in several different military theaters. The final portion of the paper will be an assessment of the Ottoman’s strategic position at the outbreak of WWI using a DIME (diplomatic, intelligence, military, and economic) methodology.